Pengertian Tulang Telapak Kaki : Fungsi, Letak, Fungsi, Struktur Anatomi dan Gangguan Pada Tulang Telapak Kaki

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Kamis, 21 Desember 2023 - 14:56 WIB

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Tulang Telapak Kaki Metatarsal

Tulang Telapak Kaki Metatarsal

Function of Foot Bones (Metatarsal/Talus) – What is the foot bone? What is the function of the sole bones of the foot? What is the structure of the bones of the soles of the feet? How many bones in the sole of the foot?

Also Read: Function of Ankle Bones (Tarsals)

In order to understand it better, this time we will discuss the complete meaning of the bones of the soles of the feet, their location, number, function, anatomical structure, disorders and diseases of the bones of the human feet.

Contentshide
1
Understanding Foot Bones
2
Function of Foot Bones
3
Anatomical Structure of Foot Bones
4
Foot Bone Disorders and Diseases
4.1
Thumb Arthritis
4.2
Gout (Gaut)
4.3
Bunions
4.4
Hammer Toe
4.5
Fracture or fracture of the sole of the foot

Understanding Foot Bones

The sole bone (metatarsal) or talus is a bone composed of the heel bone (calcaneus) and the ankle bone (tarsal). There are 14 ankle bones, 10 foot bones and 28 toe bones.

The location of the sole bones of the feet is between the tarsal bones and the toe bones. There are 10 bones in the soles of the feet.

Each human foot has 26 bones, 33 joints, 19 muscles and around 100 muscles, tendons and ligaments. The parts of the soles of the feet work together so that humans are able to stand, walk and balance the body.

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Function of Foot Bones

The function of the sole bones in humans is as a foothold and support for body weight when carrying out activities such as walking or other things to ensure balance and as a regulator of body movements such as walking and jumping. In short, the main function of the metatarsal bones is to support the balance of the body and human footing.

Anatomical Structure of Foot Bones

The soles of human feet have sufficient skin structure compared to other parts of the body. In addition, being hairless and pigmented also does not have a high concentration of sweat pores compared to other parts of the body. In adults, the shape of the soles of the feet tends to be curved.

The anatomy of the soles of the feet is divided into 3 main parts, namely the front, middle and back.

Front of the Foot Bone

The front part is composed of the toe bones (phalanges) and metatarsals. The toe bones consist of 14 bones, where the big toe has 2 bones and the others have 3 bones.

The metatarsal bones consist of five bones starting from the big toe, below the metatarsal bones there are sesamoids, which are small bones the size of 2 peas.

Middle Part of the Foot Bone

The shape of the middle of the sole of the foot is similar to a pyramid and consists of tarsal bones with a non-uniform shape.

Also Read: Function of the Thigh Bone

Back of the Foot Bone

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The sole bone or talus is composed of the heel and ankle bones which act as support for the foot.

Foot Bone Disorders and Diseases

The disorders that can occur in the bones of the soles of the feet include:

Thumb Arthritis

Thumb arthritis (hallux limitus or hallux rigidus) is a condition where the cartilage in the thumb joint is no longer flexible due to injury or excessive activity.

Gout (Gaut)

Gout in the palm bone often occurs at the base of the thumb bone.

Bunions

This condition, in the form of a lump, often appears near the base of the thumb bone, causing pain.

Hammer Toe

This condition, also known as toes, has a claw-like shape because it points downwards and causes calluses or thickening of the skin to appear due to rubbing against socks or shoes.

Also Read: Function of the Calf Bone (Fibula)

Fracture or fracture of the sole of the foot

This condition is caused by the soles of the feet undergoing repetitive and strenuous activities.

This is a complete discussion article about the meaning of the sole bones of the foot, location, number, function, anatomical structure, disorders and diseases of the human foot bones. Hope it is useful

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